The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) have worked together to establish elevator maintenance requirements in order to ensure proper functioning and safety. Periodic elevator maintenance is required, and certain maintenance and records need to be maintained for an elevator to be certified by state governments.
OSHA and the ASME require periodic inspection of elevators as part of a preventive maintenance program. Inspection records must be reviewed by state inspectors before an elevator receives a permit to be operated. The elevator mechanic must clean, adjust, and lubricate the components that control the operation and speed of the elevator. Maintenance must be done at least every six months, but it may be done once a month for elevators that have heavy use.
The elevator mechanic must test the elevator’s electrical equipment using equipment such as pressure gauges, multi-meters, amp-meters, and other devices. The mechanic must test the electrical wiring, control boxes, electrical circuits, and operating controls and record the findings. The elevator’s speed must also be checked, and the emergency telephone must be working properly.
All aspects of the elevator’s operation that can be hazardous to individuals, such as door operation, floor-to-floor travel, acceleration, deceleration, and emergency and safety equipment, must be evaluated. Any problems must be repaired immediately.
In addition to federal regulations, some states and cities have additional requirements related to elevator safety and maintenance standards. Some also require licensing or certification for elevator mechanics and repair technicians.