The code book for elevators is ASME A17.1. The section pertaining to residential elevators is section 5.3. Not all states are regulated for home elevators, and some states have supplemental set of codes. The ASME A17.1 is the best source for universal code information. Here are some of the common home elevator regulations for machine rooms:
• Machine room must house only equipment related to the elevator. This cannot contain a hot water heater, furnace, or stored materials.
• There must be a fused disconnect for the elevator main power and a fused disconnect for the elevator lighting. These disconnects must be located in the machine room. The disconnects should be lockable in the off position.
• The machine room must be well lit, with the switch within 18 inches from the lock side of the door. There must be a GFI outlet located in the machine room.
• The required size of the machine room varies in different states. In general, if there is 36” of serviceable space in front of the controller and machinery, then the size is required. Usually, a shallow closet is acceptable. When the door is opened, there should be 36” of serviceable space in front of the equipment.
• A phone line must be available in the machine room. This line is routed from the machine room to the elevator cab. A phone must be in the cab for emergency use.
• The door(s) to the machine room should be self